• D 1.2 Quality Assurance and Risk Assessment plans
    Deliverable 1.2 outlines the Quality Assurance and Risk Management Procedures for the COuRAGE (Cybercrime and cyberterrOrism (E)UropeanResearch AGEnda) Project. The measures are implemented in order to ensure the quality and efficiency of all project related activities, facilitating improved project co-ordination and co-operation. In order to define the process appropriately the report begins by outlining the key roles and committees that exist within the project in order to provide clarity when they are referenced within the Quality Assurance and Risk Assessment processes. In order to ensure the consistency of all project outputs, the report outlines reporting procedures, timescales, formatting, and internal review procedures. The internal reporting procedure itself culminates in a consortium wide review that coincides with a more in-depth review by an appropriate, nominated member of the consortium. Similarly the Risk Management process provides reporting guidelines and a risk assessment and identification mechanism.
  • D 2.1 Legal, Ethical and Societal Framework
    Deliverable 2.1 is a complex framework and inventory of existing publications related to legal, ethical and societal aspects of Cybercrime and Cyberterrorism. Research was carried out to create and present a comprehensive inventory of relevant publications. This has led to a thorough overview of already existing scientific explorations and examinations concerning five key focus areas: (1) social cohesion and discrimination against gender, religion and minorities; (2) fundamental rights of victims of crime and suspects of criminal investigations, (3) data protection; (4) illegal content and (5) protection of critical information related to national security.
  • D 2.2 Legal, Ethical and Societal Framework
    Deliverable D2.2 is a comprehensive and enhanced framework and inventory of scientific works most relevantly feeding into the area of research into Cybercrime and Cyberterrorism (CC/CT). Starting with the inventory of already existing work presented in deliverable D2.1, the sophisticated review mechanism established within WP2 benefited from clear definitions as well as fresh research considerations and experiences made during the first half of the project. This led to a refined and updated inventory of highly valuable developments, innovations and ongoing research within the domain. The resulting literature review helps to improve and optimise the taxonomy categorisation of deliverable D3.2.
  • D 2.3 Legal, Ethical and Societal Recommendations
    Deliverable 2.3 is a 243 page publication elaborating five key issues which are at the heart of developing a research agenda for the area of Cybercrime and Cyberterrorism (CC/CT). In the interest of a lasting effect, such a research agenda has to include any potential implications on research actually being carried out based on this research agenda. The five key issues are:

    First, deliverable D2.3 examines the issues of social cohesion and discrimination against gender, religion and minorities.

    Second, the fundamental rights not only of victims of crime but also of suspects of criminal investigations are considered because, also in the area of CC/CT, the overall equilibrium of human rights protection in society has to be upheld.

    Third, the area of data protection issues is explored because the protection of an individual’s privacy as well as the protection of an individual’s data have emerged as two separate lines of protection in the process of the European data protection reform.

    Fourth, all questions regarding illegal content are examined because any scientific research into CC/CT is prone to dealing with illegal content and has to enjoy legality.

    Fifth and finally, questions observing the protection of critical information related to national security are explored to complete the potential implications of research in the area of CC/CT.

    Deliverable D2.3 was created in a three step approach: Drawing from the literature review of deliverable D2.1, the general aspects are presented which are specifically relevant for each of the five topics mentioned above. This includes not only necessary and valuable definitions but also meticulous observations and useful evaluations. These general aspects are then verified in brief studies concerning particular country jurisdictions.
  • D 2.4 Legal, Ethical and Societal Recommendations
    Deliverable D2.4 derives recommendations for research into Cybercrime and Cyberterrorism (CC/CT). D 2.4 builds on the enhanced framework and inventory of scientific works most relevant for research into C/CT presented in deliverable D2.2 and benefits from the valuable definitions, meticulous observations and useful evaluations of deliverable D2.3 verified in brief studies of particular country jurisdictions. The recommendations are structured according to the following five key issues identified for a research agenda for the area of CC/CT:
    • (1) Recommendations concerning the issues of social cohesion and discrimination against gender, religion and minorities.
    • (2) Recommendations concerning the fundamental rights not only of victims of crime but also of suspects of criminal investigations.
    • (3) Recommendations concerning data protection aiming to protect an individual’s privacy as well as the individual’s data.
    • (4) Recommendations concerning research involving ‘illegal content’.
    • (5) Recommendations concerning the protection of critical information related to national security.
  • D 3.1 Research Collection System
    Deliverable 3.1 facilitates the development of a web-based collection system for CC/CT research, enabling users to upload research documents and to input research information, such as approach used, testing methods used and evaluation methods. The report explains the various components that make up the systems architecture and introduces the process of adding research to the repository itself. Later sections also describe the additional functionality of the systems text classification system and data processing tools that will be used in later tasks in WP3, which subsequently supports tasks as part of WP's 2 and 4, namely the identification of gaps in existing literature. The design and requirements of the form are informed by the users COURAGE consortium partners associated with these tasks and by the description of work itself.
    The following screenshot shows the document upload and management interface:


  • D 3.2 A Taxonomical Categorisation and Sub-Division of CC/CT
    D3.2 is a repository of existing classifications and categorizations related to Cybercrime (CC) and Cyber Terrorism (CT) used as a basis for the creation of the COURAGE CC/CT taxonomy. Starting from a recollection of the main sources categorizing the terms “cybercrime” and “cyberterrorism”, the report intends to list the key facets of these crimes, such as attack characteristics, motivations, offence typologies, actors and role of technology. The reviewing of the key classification and crimes characteristics lead to the development of the preliminary COURAGE CC/CT Taxonomy.

    The taxonomy is to be considered a “live” entity and will be refined and updated throughout the duration of the project in line with developments, innovations and ongoing research within the domain, such as the literature review conducted in WP2, and the expert workshops that are being undertaken as part of WP4. The resulting taxonomy is aligned within the COURAGE research repository in order to form the basis of the content categorization process. Content categorization will be used alongside the research repository defined in D3.1 (to be finally delivered in D3.3) in order to identify key themes within the research documents.
  • D 3.3 COURAGE CC/CT Research Knowledge Repository
    Deliverable 3.3 (and its containing tasks T3.3, T3.4 and T3.5) aim to explain the development of a CC/CT environment and the tasks carried out that provide necessary knowledge for its implementation. Continuing the work developed in previous tasks, part of this deliverable is focused on analysing and aligning the taxonomies produced in D3.2 creating an extended taxonomical categorisation of CC/CT. In order to provide access to the available CC/CT documentation provided mostly in WP2 and by partners individually using the collection system delivered in D3.1, a searchable and navigable knowledge repository system, that implements the aligned taxonomies, has been developed. This repository provides a search and query mechanism that enables users to find relevant documents in order to analyse the major research gaps. All documents from the collected research have been classified following the taxonomical categorization defined in D3.2.
  • D 4.1 Stakeholder requirements for CC/CT
    An intrinsic component of COURAGE's approach towards defining a research agenda for cybercrime and cyberterrorism is the identification and recognition of the requirements held by domain stakeholders, including both the public and private sectors. Deliverable 4.1 documents the process followed in order to elicit these requirements, including descriptions of participant sample, data collection methods and data analysis methodology in addition to the results. Adapting the wideband Delphi methodology, COURAGE utilised its European cross-disciplinary network of stakeholders including representatives from government, civil societal, the judicial system, law enforcement, private sector, academia, civil society and citizens in order to establish the key challenges posed by the threats of cybercrime and cyberterrorism, and subsequently the priorities for future research in the field.
  • D 4.2 A Research Repository Gap Analysis
    This document gives results of the COURAGE research gap analysis for the field of cybercrime and cyberterrorism (CC/CT). The gap analysis has been based on the COURAGE taxonomical categorisation of CC/CT (deliverable D3.2) and the inventory of past and on-going research activities in the field. In total, 47 research gaps are described in the document. A list of the identified research gaps will be validated and complemented by stakeholders’ requirements in the next version of the COURAGE research gap analysis (deliverable D4.3) and used as input for preparation of the holistic research agenda.
  • D 4.3 A research repository gap analysis
    Deliverable 4.3 deals with the cross validation of the research gaps and challenges previously identified during the extended period of stakeholder requirements elicitation (D4.1) and the gap analysis of the wider literature and existing research conducted in D4.2. This report utilises a triangulation method to enable the cross comparison of these two item sets in order to determine which requirements have already been, or are in the process of being addressed by other research. As a result of this process, a consolidated list of thirteen items to be used as the basis of a draft research agenda have been identified, with the scope, specific challenge and expected impact of each item highlighted in a format familiar to those accustomed with European funding mechanisms
  • D 4.4 Research Agenda Items
    This report gives the result of the second phase of the cross-validation of the stakeholders’ requirements with the research gaps. The consolidated list of 13 items produced in D4.3 was submitted to the review of 8 cross-disciplinary experts in the field of CC/CT. Following this expert workshop, the items have been updated, refined, reshaped or consolidated by the partners and resulted in a validated list of 13 candidate CC/CT research items.
  • D 4.6 Ethics and Data Protection Certification
    Deliverable 4.6 outlines the COURAGE ethics framework. It summarises the committee structure, the submission and approval process, and ethical guiding principles for the project consortium. The appendices provide a number of ethics forms which can be used as working documents.
    The management of all ethical issues relating to the COuRAGE project will be carried out according to specially adapted committee structures, procedures and regulations already in place at Sheffield Hallam University. Ethical considerations are absolutely fundamental to the success of the project. The document outlines the process within which all participating partners are expected to comply, thereby ensuring that all proposed research activity is ethically scrutinised and approved of beforehand, and that any legal requirements are not only anticipated but fully satisfied. The COuRAGE Ethical Framework constitutes a suitably modified version of the University’s current ethics infrastructure. The purpose of this document is to describe its underpinning ethical principles and procedures for obtaining formal endorsement of project-related research and outline the relevant committee structures making up the COuRAGE framework.
  • D 5.3 Draft CC/CT research agenda
    Deliverable 5.3 Draft CC/CT research agenda, documents the results of research carried out as part of two tasks of the FP7 project COURAGE, namely: Task 5.2 Evaluation of the candidate research agenda items and Task 5.3 Drafting of the Research Agenda (1st iteration). This work was performed with the strong support of the project Advisory Board and extended stakeholder network. Purpose of research activities in these tasks was to produce a first draft of the CC/CT research agenda. The resulting first draft of the final, agreed CC / CT Research Agenda, is comprised of thirteen broad research categories, also named research items. Further to describing the research items, the deliverable sketches the complex environment (socio and geo-political, of policy, of technical innovation) shaping them. The draft research agenda builds on the results of all previous deliverables of the FP7 COURAGE projects. The document, together with the accompanying roadmap (D5.5), will constitute input for the final CC/CT research agenda that will be defined in deliverable D5.6.
  • D 5.4 Guidelines for the evaluation of CC/CT research outcomes
    Deliverable D5.4 ‘Guidelines for the evaluation of CC/CT research outcomes’ develops and defines the evaluation metrics for the assessment of any research project seeking to address the perceived challenges and expected impacts defined by the draft research agenda items (D4.4) or equivalent call for proposal. Especially, this deliverable describes the main criteria (impact, risk, capability, feasibility and originality), sub-criteria and metrics which constitute the guidelines for the evaluation of CC/CT research outcomes and explains the scoring method which allows the quantification and scoring of the criteria and sub-criteria.
  • D 5.5 Proposed Roadmap of options for the implementation of the Research Agenda
    Deliverable D5.5 ‘Proposed roadmap of options for the implementation of the research agenda (report and online)’ provides a roadmap of options for the implementation of the Research Agenda defined in D5.3, including the identification of good practices in research approaches and methods for CC/CT research addressing the identified research barriers (T4.4), development of a set of means of enhancing EU co-operations and collaborations in CC/CT research, provision of complementary guidelines on standardisation, common criteria, the funding of research in CC/CT (D5.4), and a link to the testing, evaluation, pre-certification approach as framed in WP6. The document aims to do this by providing a description of stakeholder roles and an outline of recommended actions for each of the research items defined in D4.4 ‘research agenda items’. The roadmap of options is reflected in the recommended actions that are proposed over a short-, mid-, and long-term period for each of the expected impacts that have been defined within our research items. The document concludes by providing a summary of the main recommendations for each of the relevant target groups (law enforcement agencies (LEAs), solution providers, and research and technology organisations (RTOs)) and areas (legal/ethical/societal, policy, accreditation/certification, and education/awareness-raising).
  • D 5.6 COURAGE Brief
    In this final report, a high level overview of the topics, trends and priorities identified throughout the COURAGE project, is presented. This public artefact has been translated in 6 languages (UK, DE, FR, ES, IT, NL) and articulates many of the key project findings delivered by the project to the European Commission at the projects conclusion in April 2016.
  • D 7.2 Report on the communication campaign for the launch of COuRAGE
    This deliverable reports on the communication campaign for the launch of the COURAGE project. It serves as an update to on the communication and dissemination plan (D7.1) and includes an update on communication materials and tools such as the project flyer as well as the launch of COURAGE, including a press release sent out in August last year. D7.2 is followed by two reports on the communication tools that have been implemented for the project (D7.3 at M11 and D7.4 at M24).
  • D 7.3 Communications tools’ report
    The main goal of this deliverable is to report and explain the functionalities of the tools used for communication purposes during the project. Some of the tools have been designed as tasks from deliverables and some others with the sole purpose of disseminating COURAGE outside the consortium.

    The objective of this project is to develop a comprehensive and relevant Research Agenda and Roadmap for cybercrime and cyberterrorism (CC/CT) by involving all relevant stakeholders in this field; one of the tools that has been designed and developed by COURAGE is being used to gather a database of as many stakeholders as possible.

    This deliverable can be considered as a follow-up to D7.2. It contains new updates of tools reported in D7.2 and the development of new tools such as: the already mentioned stakeholders identification process and its database, updates in the website, implementation of the twitter account in the website or the mechanism carried out in the workshops.
  • D 7.6 Report on the organisation of the first Expert Forum
    This deliverable, which is the first deliverable of T7.6, reports on the organisation of the first Expert Forum, which was co-organised with the CAMINO project in Montpellier on 8-9 April 2015. It describes the organisation of the first Expert Forum and summarises the presentations that took place. It complements the COURAGE communication and dissemination plan and shows the importance of sharing (non-restricted) project results with external experts and stakeholders. Collaboration with similar projects and initiatives enables us to align activities and unify resources, and this particular event was a great opportunity to do so. This deliverable will be followed by D7.7 which will be submitted in 2016, following the organisation of the second Expert Forum, hopefully in collaboration with the CyberRoad project.